Honduras is in Central America. It borders Guatemala and El Salvador to the West and Nicaragua to the south. It also borders both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
- Size: A little larger than Tennessee.
- Government: democratic constitutional republic.
- Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains.
- Population: 7.8 Million
- Capital City: Tegucigalpa (pop. 1.6 million)
- Average Income: $135/month
- Religion: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%
- HIV prevalence is 1.8 per cent, the second highest in Latin America. Each day, nine children lose one of their parents to AIDS. Half of all new reported cases occur among females.
- Children are vulnerable to violence, sexual exploitation and trafficking. Young people also fall victim to sex tourism and child labour.
- The average number of years of schooling stands at only 4.3 in rural areas and 7 in urban areas. The main causes of these low numbers lie in inadequate teachers’ competencies, scarcity of teaching materials, poor physical learning environments and limited interaction between schools and communities.
- Economy: The second poorest country in the western hemisphere, has an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and high un- and underemployment. The economy relies heavily on a narrow range of exports, notably apparel, bananas, and coffee.
- Employment: about 36% are un- or underemployed.